Lamps and lights
Living room light for all your rooms
Which lighting for which room?
Basically, all suggestions and recommendations are of course only indications. The final decision is always yours alone - taking into account your taste and the purpose you are pursuing with the lighting.
In the living room in particular, all three types of lighting can be used in parallel for practical and aesthetic reasons.
A ceiling lamp, for example, provides the necessary basic lighting. However, this can quickly become too bright for relaxing from the stresses of everyday life. In this case, a ceiling washlight, for example, takes away the "aggressive" effect of the brightness and bathes the room in a pleasantly soft light. For relaxed reading, the reading lamp is then switched on from diagonally behind as accent lighting and the relaxation begins.
Please note: All three types of lighting should always be placed in such a way that they provide the essentials without interfering! Spotlights in particular, even if they are pointing at a wall picture, can reflect unpleasantly in the TV set. In addition to the correct placement, the appropriate light intensity of the lamps also helps to avoid over-radiating effects.
Tip: An excellent way of regulating brightness is to use a dimmer. With a dimmer, recessed ceiling spots, for example, can be used either for complete illumination or as soft background lighting similar to indirect lighting. Dimmers can also be retrofitted in all rooms. Just make sure that the lamps used are dimmable.
By the way: Dimmers only reduce the brightness, but not the energy consumption!
A bright, friendly, white daylight lamp should be installed above the dining room table. As we all know, the eye eats with us. Yellowish or bluish light colours distort the appearance of food and can - scientifically proven - cause undesirable changes in the taste experience. Diffuse light also distorts the view of the food in a detrimental way. The distance between table lamps and food should be around 60 cm. Height-adjustable pendant luminaires would be ideal, as they can be fixed closer to the ceiling again after the meal.
As with the dining table, the following applies: you need to be able to see the food in its natural colour when preparing and cooking it. Therefore, use only appropriate lamps. It also makes sense to illuminate each workstation in the kitchen (cooker, sink, shelves, cupboards, refrigerator etc.) individually. The light should come from the front and above so that you do not become a shadow castor yourself.
Either you mount flat recessed luminaires below the wall units or lamps on the walls behind the worktop. Here, however, we recommend the use of LED light chains. Above the cooker, an extractor hood with integrated lighting is ideal.
To be able to relax in your bathroom, a feel-good atmosphere is important. Lights built into the ceiling with medium light intensity or dimmers are ideal for this. For personal hygiene or even make-up, wall luminaires should be installed on both sides of the mirror or above the upper mirror rim. They need to emit bright, colour-neutral light and must not cast any drop shadows.
The bedroom has long since become a multifunctional room. It is a place for a TV set, for reading and, of course, for sharing intimacy. Lighting needs to be geared to this. Ceiling luminaires with soft brightness, preferably with a dimmer, surface-mounted luminaires with light beaming towards the ceiling create the right ambience.
For targeted access to the wardrobe, it can be fitted with recessed luminaires from inside. If this is too much work for you, you can fit suitably positioned wall spots to illuminate the inside of the wardrobe. A rotating and swivelling reading lamp or bedside lamp on the bedside table completes the bedroom lighting.
By the way, the children's room is also equipped in a similar way to the bedroom, because it has very similar requirements.
To avoid premature eye fatigue, you should avoid too strong light/dark contrasts. Desk lighting at the desk as the sole source of light would therefore be completely wrong. It only serves to enable you to read documents without any problems. At the same time, indirect background lighting should always be installed. Indirect so that a PC monitor is not directly illuminated from behind. This causes reflections and you can no longer see anything on the screen.
The screen should certainly not be the only source of light, as is often the case when working intensively on a PC or playing games. You can't strain and tire your eyes any faster - with consequences such as concentration problems, headaches and burning eyes.
Staircase / Hallway
In the stairwell / hallway area it is important to make every possible tripping hazard clearly visible. Stair treads and floor transitions must therefore be illuminated brightly and without shadows. This is best achieved with optimally placed ceiling lights and wall lights, or even lamps with motion detectors.